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UPSC - Union Public Service Commission

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC; Hindi: संघ लोक सेवा आयोग) is India's focal enrolling office. It is in charge of arrangements to and examinations of group A and B Central administrations. While the Department of Personnel and Training is the focal workforce organization in India. 


The commission is headquartered at Dholpur House, in New Delhi and capacities through its own particular secretariat. Vinay Mittal is its present Chairman of UPSC. 

Established on 1 October 1926 as Public Service Commission, it was later reconstituted as Federal Public Service Commission by the Government of India Act, 1935; just to be renamed as the present Union Public Service Commission after the freedom.

UPSC is an exam-conducting body that appoints officers for the upper service sector:

  • Civil Services Examination (CSE)

  • Engineering Services Examination (ESE)

  • Combined Medical Services Examination (CMSE)

  • Combined Defence Services Examination (CDSE)

  • National Defence Academy Examination (NDA)

  • Naval Academy Examination

  • Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA)

  • Indian Forest Service Examination

  • Indian Economic Service Examination

  • Indian Statistical Service Examination

  • Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination

  • Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) Examination (CAPF)

  • Section Officers/Stenographers (Grade-B/Grade-I) Departmental Competitive Examination


The exam conducted for all these services are the same, and candidates are provided services and cader according to their rank preference and home state. The UPSC exam is counted as one of the most difficult exams in the country.

The exam has two parts as mentioned below:

1. Prelims

2. Mains

The two portions are further divided into:

UPSC Prelims:

Both papers are of Qualifying nature i.e. numbers you obtain in qualifying paper doesn't matter for anything it doesn't matter how much you score you'll be standing on the same stage with one who got highest and one who got lowest so in the qualifying paper just get marks above cut off and you're done.

1. Paper 1 - General Studies [200 Marks]

2. Paper 2 - Civil Services Aptitude Test (CSAT) [200 Marks]

UPSC Mains: Qualifying papers

1. Paper 1 - Any language from the 8th schedule of the constitution [300 Marks]

(There are a total of 22 languages in the schedule naming


Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Marathi, Gujarati, Bengali, Hindi, Punjabi, Kashmiri, Assamese, Sanskrit, Nepali, Urdu, Sindhi, Konkani, Manipuri, Bodo, Dogri, Maithili, Santhali)


2. Paper 2 - English [300 Marks]  

Papers counted for merit:

In this type of paper how many numbers you get matters the most, they decide your rank and in UPSC everything you get is based on rank, more the number you get higher will be your rank.

1. Paper 1 - Essay [250 Marks]

2. Paper 2 - General Studies 1 [250 Marks]

( Geography, History, Indian Heritage and culture)

3. Paper 3 - General Studies 2 [250 Marks]

(Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, International Relations)

4. Paper 4 - General Studies 3 [250 Marks]

(Technology, Economic Development, Biodiversity, Environment, Security, Disaster Management)

5- Paper 5 - General Studies 4 [250 Marks]

(Ethics, Integrity, Aptitude)

And your final step is -

Personality test [ 275 Marks ]

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8th Schedule
इस भाषा में अभी तक कोई पोस्ट प्रकाशित नहीं हुई
पोस्ट प्रकाशित होने के बाद, आप उन्हें यहाँ देख सकेंगे।

Job opportunities you can get by preparing for civil services.

All India Civil services

The most prestigious, flagship and sought after service that comes with the equally challenging job of administrating every section of India by framing and implementing policies and their supervision. They are most answerable to the parliament. IAS officers are trained at Lal Bahadur Shastri National Administrative Academy. 

The only service that comes close to the level of power and authority. The crucial job of maintaining public safety, ensuring internal stability and keeping law and order maintained. Their job is one of the most life-threatening working conditions. IPS officers are trained at Sardaar Vallabh Bhai Patel National Police Academy. 

Working in some of the most difficult terrains after getting trained at Indira Gandhi National forest academy. The IFoS officers are well equipped with the knowledge and expertise to maintain and preserve forests, wildlife and the environment by working in related organisations. 

Group-A Civil Services

The most popular among Group A services is IFS, Training alongside IAS officers IFS officers represent India on the global front, once selected you cannot appear for the civil service exam again.

Officers are trained at the National Academy of Accounts & Audit. The IA&AS officer's job is to work under the comptroller and auditor general and audit the financials of PUS's, Central and State Governments 

They work under Comptroller and Auditor General Office as well, their job is to do internal auditing of civil bodies, preparation of the budget, supporting tax collection and financial reporting.

Trained alongside IAS officers then in the National academy of customs, Excise and Narcotics, the IRS officer's primary role is to collect direct and indirect Taxes.

The IRAS officers are trained at the National Academy of direct taxes and Railway staff college, their primary job is the maintenance and management of accounts and finances of Indian Railways.

Working under the Ministry of Defence, officers are first trained at the centre for Training and development and then the Financial Management Institute. They audit defence financials

ITS officers after being trained at the Indian Institute of foreign trade and their main and primary job is to maintain Trade and commerce of India

The initial training is done at LBSNAA alongside IAS then further training is done at Dr Merri Channa Reddy Human Resource Development Institute and National Academy of Indian Railways, their job is managing human resource for IR

Trained at National Institute of Defence estates, The IDES officers play the role of maintaining the defence establishment and land belongings.

IPoS officers are trained at Rafi Ahmad Kidwai national postal academy and their job is maintaining postal services.

IRTS officers are trained at railway staff college and their job is maintaining revenue generation for railways and managing Commercial and operational wings.

IOFS officers are trained at the National academy of defence productions, and their job is all about maintaining ordnance factories that produce defence equipments

IIS officers undergo training at the Indian Institute of Mass Communication before working under departments like PIB and AIR, They are media wing.

ICFS officers manage department of Post and Telecommuniccations

ICLS officers are trained in the Indian corporate law Academy and the Indian Institute of Corporate Affairs. They provide regulatory services to the Corporate sector, they implement the Companies act of 1956 and 2013 along with LLP act 2008

RPF is a Paramilitary force trained at Jagjivan Ram Railway protection force academy, their role in India is to safeguard Passengers and property of Railways. 

Group-B Civil Services

AFHS officers provide secretarial, clerical and Clerical staff to headquarters of Indian Armed forces 

Officers are  posted in Union territories without legislature (Pondicherry and Dadra Nagar Haveli) ad they provide similar services like IAS and IPS

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